Due to the scarcity of resources, lightweight construction has an overriding and growing importance in many industrial sectors today. Lightweight design means designing components at the limit of the load-bearing capacity of the materials used and thus making optimum use of this. That is why component failure is now an accepted part of the development process in many areas. Failure investigations provide fundamental information for the systematic further development of high-performance lightweight systems.
Failure of aluminium components, both in development and in series products, can have a variety of causes, which generally correlate with the respective manufacturing process. The properties and manufacturing processes of aluminium alloys differ considerably from those of other metallic materials. Accordingly, special failure mechanisms are active in aluminium components, which are closely linked to the nature of the stressing of the component and its process chain. Whereas for the most important metallic material group, steel, such issues are dealt with intensively in a large number of committees, no forum has been available so far for the exchange of experts and the comprehensive solution of such problems in the field of aluminium materials. This gap is to be closed by the working group "Failure Mechanisms in Aluminium Products".
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